The idea of utilizing Hydrogen, one of the universe’s most abundant resource to generate power has definitely caught the ears of auto manufacturers. The ability to utilize this resource while keeping emissions standards at zero is the current auto trend.
Hydrogen Replaces Fuel
Toyota and Honda have released the first hydrogen-powered cars to the public. This method has gone to work in favor of many consumers who are looking to try alternative fuels. With the advancement of electric cars brought about by Tesla, where else can we go?
Cars like the Toyota Mirai utilize this form of energy in the same way that regular fuel was used for their Prius. Where the combined forces of both crude oil and electricity were meant to drive down the cost at the pump, hydro-cars are looking to do the same.
Fuel Cells And How They Work
Hydrogen fuel cells are a tricky concept to explain. So far, most informational sites are chock full of science. So much science, that it can be extremely confusing. Let’s try and break it down.
Anode – Hydrogen molecules are pushed through this way. The atoms are then sent through an electrical current and are separated.
Electrolyte- The separated atoms are pushed through an electrolyte membrane and act as a filter for unused hydrogen atoms, Any atoms that are not used by this stage in the process are then filtered back into the tank for reuse. While this is happening the third part of the plan is put into motion.
Cathode- The Cathode acts as an intake for oxygen into the cell. Combines with the heated hydrogen atoms, the emissions create H2O or simply, water.
All the energy that this process provides moves into the main battery of the car. The battery then transmits energy to all four wheels and the car can accelerate.
How Does This Compare To Electric?
Well, for starters, this is an electric type vehicle. Much like the Prius, it is a combination of both a fuel source and an electric battery. The battery kicks in to conserve fuel and the byproduct are nothing more than water. Where electric batteries have a half-life that far exceeds our own, the use of hydrogen atoms can promote a more effective environmental beneficiary.